What is Epidermolysis Bullosa?
Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a rare genetic connective tissue disorder that causes painful blistering of the skin and the mucous membranes. It affects one in every 50,000 live births and can often times be fatal within the first year.
Those affected lack the proteins that prevent the skin layers from acting independently from one another resulting in extreme fragility of the skin. This means that the slightest of touches, even a hug can cause excruciatingly painful blisters and wounds. These wounds are very susceptible to infections which can often times be lethal.
In order to protect the skin from infections and additional wounds, one must be wrapped in special bandages that do not adhere to the skin. These bandages must be changed frequently…a tedious and painful process. However since there is no cure, this is the only effective treatment.
EB comes with numerous challenges aside from dressing changes. Despite any amount of care, wounds still occur and with the wounds comes scarring. This scarring can cause deformities in the hands and feet as the skin begins to fuse together often resulting in a clubbing effect. Another complication as a result of the chronic damage to the skin is cancer, which it typically fatal in these cases.
In addition to physical trauma, suffers also endure mental and emotional pain as well.
For details on the main types see the links below: